Stage 4: Transcription and analysis
In stage 4 you will have to work on your own to transcribe about 30 seconds of your discussion, as agreed with your group. If you’re not sure how to transcribe, try listening to the three examples of classroom talk here while reading through the transcriptions. For ideas about which notation symbols to use the notation symbols guide.
Read your transcript and make brief notes on question A.
A. What is the main aim of the discussion? Who decided that this is the aim? Does the recording show that that everyone agreed with this aim? How do the people in the discussion show that they agree or disagree with this aim? In addition to what people say, try to listen for how they say it; for example, do they put stronger stress on some words, does their intonation rise or fall, do they speak louder or more softly and so on?
If there is anything interesting in the transcript of your discussion, go ahead and make a note of it! Consider the following questions.
B. Does anyone: laugh; sigh; hesitate; repeat (maybe using slightly different words) an opinion or question several times; repeat (maybe using slightly different words) another person’s opinion; use slang, idioms or taboo language; mix different languages? How? What is the effect of any of these features on the group’s achievement of its aims?
C. Does anyone misunderstand what another person is saying? How do they show that they have misunderstood? What is the reaction of the misunderstood speaker? Is the misunderstanding sorted out? How? Who sorts the misunderstanding out? What is the effect of any misunderstanding on the group’s achievement of its aims?
D. Does anyone disagree with what another person is saying or how they are saying it? How do they do this? What is the reaction of the corrected speaker? Is the disagreement sorted out? How? Who sorts the disagreement out? What is the effect of any disagreement on the group’s achievement of its aims?
E. Does everyone have an equal opportunity to speak? Does anyone interrupt another speaker? How do they interrupt? What is the reaction of the other speakers to the interruption? What is the effect of the distribution of opportunity to speak on the group’s achievement of its aims?
For a PDF version of all these questions, click here.